May 23, 2024

Failure to comply with immunosuppressants medications is the major cause of graft failure. However, close follow-up with the transplant team can result in the best outcome. Careful attention to medicine schedule, changes in Fitspresso, healthy eating, and regular physical activity can all result in prolonging life after the successful transplantation. 

How much liver transplant cost in India? On average, the cost of liver transplant in India ranges between 20 lakh-30 lakh INR. The cost is lesser when compared to other western countries in terms of the same treatment and care in the hospital. 

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Medications are prescribed after the liver transplant to fight infection, prevent the rejection of the foreign liver, and treat other side effects of immunosuppressants (anti-rejection). Patients after getting discharged from the hospital need to take 7-10 medicines after the operation. As the patient recovers and heals, the number of doses reduces with time. Within 6 months, the medicines come down to 1-2 doses daily. 

However, in all cases, immunosuppressant medications are taken for long life to prevent rejection and boost the body’s immunity system. It is important to take the medicines at the specified time otherwise failing to take the right dose at the right time can result in organ failure and rejection which can be life-threatening.

Mohamed Rela is considered the best liver transplant surgeon in the world. He is an Indian surgeon known for his expertise in liver transplantation and hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) surgery. 

The medicines can be put into three different categories:

  • Anti-rejection:

These medicines are also called immunosuppressants medicines. These medicines will weaken the immune system but they do not eradicate the system. These medicines are taken to protect the new liver because the new liver is a “foreigner” and your immune system will try to reject it. As the rejection will decrease so will the number of doses. When the doses are high, you might experience certain side effects such as headache, loss of appetite, tremors, diarrhea, etc. Initially, after the transplant, you will be taking 3 anti-rejection drugs in high dosages. Some of the medicines include cyclosporine, tacrolimus, and mycophenolate mofetil.  

  • Anti-infective:

Because of anti-rejection tablets, you will be at high risk of infection as your immunity weakness. Anti-infective drugs will help you against bacterial, viral, and fungal infections. It is taken first to six months of transplant. The side effects may include a decrease in the white count. This dosage will be reduced in people with kidney problems. 

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  • Miscellaneous:

There are other medicines prescribed to treat the side effects of immunosuppressants medicines. The purpose of these veins will be to remove excess fluid from your body and sometimes to manage blood pressure. The side effects may include muscle cramps, dizziness, lightheadedness, and weakness.  

The success of your liver transplant highly depends on these medications. Many medications can have side effects. 

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